Property law falls into the common law legal system and concerns all aspects of ownership of ‘real’ property (land ownership instead of ownership of movable possessions) and personal property (movable possessions).
The concept of property law has been around since ancient Rome and the emperor Justinian’s Corpus Juris Civilis, which was concerned with dividing civil law into three categories: personal status, property, and acquisition of property. The concept of property law as we know it today first evolved out of France’s feudal system and was the first successful implementation of such a law, called the Napoleonic Code, based on Justinian’s ideals.
Thus, the property has gone from lying in the hands of the monarchs and feudal systems of the middle ages to the individual property owner’s total rights. However, civil law still distinguishes between property laws surrounding immovable possessions, like land, and property law concerning movable possessions, like clothes, cars, etc.
Property laws today ensure that a person’s legal rights and obligations surrounding their property are protected. This is a branch of law where it is essential to be informed because it directly affects people more than any other law sector. The numbers of lawyers in existence are many; however, don’t go to just any lawyer for any property disputes. Property law is a specialized field that needs a solid professional who has previous experience in property law.
There are numerous intricacies, loops, and holes in property law, and a property lawyer can help you navigate them easily and efficiently. Under property law fall several topics, such as the overlap of contract law and property law, property rights vs. personal rights, possession of the property, transfer of property, leases, and much more. Property law, then, seems to be a blanket term that applies to any number of topics and scenarios dealing with both movable, personal property rights, and movable property rights.
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