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The aim behind launching skill development programmes in our country is to train around 40 crore people in different vocational areas by the end of year 2022. Accordingly, the government launched four separate initiatives to brush up talents of the unskilled Indian youth. National Skill Development Mission, the Skill Loan Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship are significant efforts made in this area.

PMKVY – The Flagship Idea of Centre

The launching of these programmes marked the World Youth Skills Day where the government targeted around 40.2 crore people to get skilled till 2022. The flagship scheme PMKVY looks forward to incentivising the skill training while offering financial rewards to such participants who are successfully able to complete the vocational programmes. It is estimated that the flagship initiative is about to train at least 24 lakh youth in a year. Under this, the talents of young minds working in the unorganised sector would be recognised through the skill development initiatives in India.

What The Project Holds?

Such workers generally lack formal certification and therefore, need to be recognised in order to get their due while they are employed. The special PMKVY scheme also organises mobilisation camps across India in collaboration with the Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, a skill development NGO to offer them training in groups.

Programme Success and RPL

The scheme has already organised such camps at almost 100 locations till now and a nationwide SMS campaign has already been rolled out to reach the 40 crore prospective subscribers. This resulted in the government reaching out to 1,000 centres across various regions of our country and cover about 50,000 youth in at least 100 separate job roles throughout the 25 sectors. Close to 10 lakh youth are to be assessed as well as certified through the skill development initiatives like Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) for the skills already possessed by them.

Skill Loan Scheme for the Needy

The Skill Loan Scheme sanctioned loans to almost 34 lakh youth who are seeking to opt for skill development programmes in the next five years. They have been doled out money between 5,000 to 1.5 lakh for getting enrolled into the vocational programmes. After finishing with the training, skill certificates and cards are awarded to the candidates on successful completion of their course. This allows the trainees to share their talent identity with employers and get exposure while looking for employment.

To this date, about 2,33,000 youth received certificates from institutes offering industrial training and almost 18,000 and above graduates got placed into jobs. And, the number is still counting with more such institutions coming up.


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