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HomeDiagnostic StudiesBlood Lab Panel

Is a series of blood test that gives your health care provider a comprehensive analysis of your body chemistry and metabolism (energy) and how it is used. Also known as the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel. It can be done as a regular check-up or your doctor may order it for a particular medical diagnosis.

The CMP can inform your doctor:

  • How your kidneys and liver are working
  • Your blood sugar levels
  • Your electrolyte levels
  • How much protein is in your blood 
  • The balance of acid and base in your blood
  • How your metabolism is working

There is also a basic metabolic panel (BMP). It includes eight of the same tests as CMP. It doesn’t include the liver and protein tests.

These are the main test included in most CMP studies.

CMP liver tests

These check three substances your liver makes: ALP, ALT, and AST. They also check bilirubin, a waste product of your liver. Normal ranges are:

  • ALP (alkaline phosphatase): 44-147 international units per liter (IU/L)
  • ALT (alanine aminotransferase): 7-40 IU/L
  • AST (aspartate aminotransferase): 10-34 IU/L
  • Bilirubin: 0.3-1.9 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)

CMP kidney tests

The CMP checks two waste products of your kidneys: blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine. Normal ranges are:

  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen): 6-20 mg/dL
  • Creatinine: 0.6-1.3 mg/dL

CMP electrolyte test

These help your body balance its fluids. They also help control your heartbeat and how your muscles and your brain work. Abnormal results could mean you have heart disease or kidney disease, or that you’re dehydrated. Normal ranges are:

CMP protein test

The CMP tests albumin, the main protein made by your liver, and the proteins in your blood in general. Proteins are important for healthy muscles, bones, blood, and organs. If these come back low, it could mean liver or kidney disease or a problem with nutrition. Normal ranges are:

  • Albumin: 3.4-5.4 grams per deciliter (g/dL)
  • Total protein: 6.0-8.3 g/dL

CMP glucose test

This is also commonly called a blood sugar test. If your levels are high, it could mean you have diabetes. If they’re too low, you could have a condition called hypoglycemia. The normal range is 70-99 mg/dL.

CMP calcium test

This is important for healthy muscles, nerves, and hormones. If calcium is abnormal, you might have a hormone imbalance or problems with your kidneys, bones, or pancreas. The normal range is 8.6-10.2 mg/dL.

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