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HomeConsumer Ed1How to Calculate Nutrition Data Using Excel or Open Office Calc

EU directive 1169/2011 comes into full effect on the 13th of December 2016. The first phase of this directive came into effect in 2014 on December 13th, but the second requires nutrition data, which begs how to calculate nutrition data.

The first phase of this regulation required all ingredients on labels to include allergen information within the ingredient list. Before this regulation, it was legally acceptable to include allergen information in your label’s separate area.

The new regulations require allergens to be highlighted within the single ingredient list for the product, but ingredients also need to be stated in quantitative order.

Quantitative order means the largest constituent ingredient must be indicated first, then the second-largest, and so on. The percentages of these ingredients should also be included.

There are several ways highlighting ingredients can be achieved; Users can use bold text underline text, color text, or italic text

14 allergens must be indicated on labeling if they are present within the ingredients of the product. These include wheat or oats or any other cereal containing gluten and also include milk, eggs, fish, crustaceans, mollusks, to name a few.

Another aspect of the legislation was to harmonize the legibility of text on food labels.

Historically, the text could be complicated to read as manufacturers crammed as much information into as small a section of the label as possible to maximize the rest of the label’s marketing potential.

The new regulations require that all text be legible with a specific height of the letter “x” in the font no smaller than 1.2 millimeters. In layman’s terms, that means that the standard Arial or Times New Roman font needs to be 6.5 points and size.

The second phase of the regulations coming into force this December requires that nutrition data is supplied with all pre-packaged food so that consumers can make choices regarding the nutrition within the food they buy.

The law stipulates that this information must be conveyed to the customer per 100 grams.

It is also possible to convey the information additionally per serving. For example, a sandwich would constitute a serving so a food producer could provide the information based on the entire sandwich. The food producer can also indicate nutrition values in a portion, for example, a biscuit or a small piece of chocolate. But the food producer must also provide the information in a per 100g format in all instances.

How to Calculate Nutrition Data

To calculate the nutrition values of prepackaged food for sale to the public, food production businesses need to know the constituent ingredients’ nutrition values within their product. Perhaps the best way to demonstrate how to calculate nutrition data is to give an example; a ham and mustard sandwich.

A ham and mustard sandwich might consist of four ingredients; we will have the bread, ham, mustard, and margarine or butter to make a sandwich. Each of these ingredients will be incorporated along the lines of a recipe; that is to say, each product’s weight will be a specific weight to make up a standard product.

Food manufacturers need to start with the basic data for the nutrition for each of the ingredients – as mentioned, and the legislation requires that nutrition data is provided per 100 grams. As all manufacturers are required to do this, most food producing companies should obtain that information directly from the packaging of the products they buy in or by speaking with their supplier.

In our example, the food producer could tabulate the data from the constituent ingredients into a table. The information that must be conveyed includes energy in both kilojoules and kilocalories; they must also convey total fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates, sugar, protein, and salt – all in grams.

Food producers can also indicate monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fats, polyols, and starch (carbohydrates), and fiber if they wish to do so.

The order of the nutrients is specific and must be adhered to to comply with the regulations.

Once the table of data is prepared per 100 grams for all of the ingredients, the food producer needs to understand each product’s weight in the recipe to make the sandwich. In this example, the food producer would need to know the weight of two slices of bread (let’s say 60 grams), the ham they use (e.g., 30 grams), 10 grams of mustard 5 grams of margarine.

Once this has been done, a simple calculation is applied to each constituent ingredient to determine how many calories, fat, saturated fat, etc., are present in the recipe. The calculation will divide the per 100g nutrition data by 100, then multiply that by the ingredient’s weight.

E.g., If 100g of ham is 350 calories, divided by 100 is 3.5 calories per gram. 3.5 calories per gram x 30 grams used in the recipe are 105 calories.

Once this is complete, the food manufacturer will have an accurate indication of the ham and mustard sandwich’s total nutrition data by simply adding the values for each constituent ingredient together as a total for the recipe.

And that is how to calculate nutrition data using Microsoft Excel or Open Office Calc.

Food manufacturers across the UK face a huge challenge in achieving the objectives set out in the regulations and need to address them very quickly if they have not already.

Source by John Mayers



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